What Is Personal Injury Protection (PIP)?

Personal Injury Protection (PIP) is an integral component of auto insurance policies in many states. PIP compensates you for losses regardless of who is at fault and is designed to cover primarily medical expenses and lost wages associated with injuries from a car accident. This is important, given there were nearly 100,000 Chicago accidents in 2022.

PIP is not mandatory in Illinois, but it is an option. Understanding how it operates is important when traffic incidents are common across Chicago. 

Fault and No-Fault Insurance in Chicago, IL

Fault and No-Fault Insurance in Chicago, IL

In auto insurance, the terms “at-fault” and “no-fault” frequently arise, and understanding the distinction between these two types of coverage is crucial for drivers. Under an at-fault insurance system, the person found responsible for causing the accident is also responsible for the damages. Illinois is a fault state, so most accidents require investigating liability.

In no-fault insurance systems, your own insurance company pays for your medical expenses and lost wages after an accident, regardless of who caused it. This reduces the need for litigation and ensures quicker payouts. After an accident, this means you can often get back on your feet faster financially. 

The Basics of Personal Injury Protection

PIP is often called “no-fault” coverage because it kicks in irrespective of who caused the accident. This coverage is essential in providing immediate financial assistance to the policyholder, passengers, or pedestrians injured in an auto accident. Key aspects of PIP coverage include:

  1. Medical Expenses: PIP can cover medical bills related to your accident. These expenses can easily total thousands of dollars.
  2. Lost Wages: Injuries may keep you away from work. PIP policies may compensate you for some of your lost wages during this time. This can be important for ensuring you stay on your feet financially while you recover.
  3. Funeral Costs: Some accidents are sadly fatal. PIP may cover funeral expenses for your loved ones in these cases.

PIP coverage is policy-specific. Be sure to review and understand the specific terms of any PIP policy you are considering. If you have been in an accident, a Chicago car accident lawyer can help you understand your insurance coverage. 

Personal Injury Protection in Chicago, IL

Illinois law does not require PIP. However, motorists opt for this coverage for added financial security. In Chicago, where accidents are commonplace, having PIP can offer peace of mind and immediate resource access after an accident. This is because your insurance company will not need to investigate and determine liability to pay some of your expenses. 

Choosing the Right PIP Coverage in Chicago, IL

Selecting the appropriate Personal Injury Protection (PIP) coverage is important. This requires thoroughly evaluating your needs and understanding the scope of your policy. Here are factors to consider when choosing the right PIP coverage for you:

  1. Coverage Limits: This is the maximum amount the policy will pay per accident. You must assess the coverage you need based on your financial situation and driving habits. You want to ensure you and your passengers are adequately protected in an accident.
  2. Deductibles: A lower deductible can mean a higher premium (monthly payment), but it can be more cost-effective in the event of an accident. Evaluate your financial situation to decide how much you can afford to pay out-of-pocket in an emergency.
  3. Scope of Coverage: Understanding what expenses are covered by PIP is critical. PIP typically covers some medical expenses, lost wages, or funeral costs following fatal accidents. However, the extent of coverage can vary by policy. Make sure you know what is included and what is not.
  4. Additional Options: Some PIP policies offer additional options for extra protection. Examples include coverage for childcare expenses or coverage for household services. Consider how much support you may need following an accident before taking out a PIP policy.

Your needs can change over time. It is a good idea to review your PIP coverage periodically to ensure you have coverage that is right for you, especially after life changes.

Choosing the right PIP coverage requires balancing your personal and financial needs. By assessing these factors and staying informed about your policy thoroughly, you can ensure that you have the protection you need after a car accident. 

Consult With an Experienced Chicago Personal Injury Lawyer

PIP is more than just an extra insurance policy. After an auto accident, it can provide immediate assistance for medical expenses and lost wages and protect you from unforeseen financial consequences of an accident. If you or a loved one have been injured in a Chicago auto accident, contact a Chicago personal injury lawyer at Attorneys of Chicago Personal Injury Lawyers for a free consultation. Call us at (312) 929-2884.